From next month, December, Nigeria Citizens and other non-Americans traveling to the United States pay between $5000 and $15000 bond.
The new policy by the incumbent President, Trump, will take effect from December 24, 2020, and will last until June 24, 2021.
The Temporary Final Rule (TFR) is contained in a Department of State Public Notice: 11218 (RIN 1400-AE99).
This rule aims to discourage non-citizens from overstaying in America.
The notice also stated that the rule does not aim to assess whether issuing visa bonds will be effective in reducing the number of aliens who overstay their temporary business tour as Tourist/visitor (B-1/B-2) visa.
Visa applicants potentially subject to the Pilot Program include aliens who: are applying for visas as temporary visitors for business or pleasure (B-1/B-2); are from countries with high visa overstay rates, and already have been approved by DHS for an inadmissibility waiver.”
The department also noted that the program applies to nationals of specified countries with high overstay rates to serve as a diplomatic tool to encourage foreign governments to take all appropriate actions to ensures after temporary visits, the nationals timely depart the United States.
“The Pilot Program will run for six months. During that period, consular officers may require non-immigrant visa applicants falling within the scope of the Pilot Program to post a bond for $5,000, $10,000, or $15,000 as a condition of visa issuance”, it added.
The amount of the bond will be determined based on the visa applicant’s circumstances and by the consular officer.
The rule also authorized the consular officers to require the posting of maintenance of Status and Departure Bond (visa bond) by an alien applying for, and otherwise eligible to receive, a business Tourist/visitor (B-1/B-2) visa.
The rule notice said the pilot program would help the state Department assess the operational processing, discharging visa bonds, the feasibility of posting in coordination with DHS.
This will inform any future decision concerning the possible use of visa bonds to address the national security and foreign policy objectives articulated in the Presidential Memorandum.
“The Presidential Memorandum highlights the fact that visa overstay rates are unacceptably high for nationals of certain countries and concludes that, “individuals who abuse the visa process and decline to abide by the terms and conditions of their visas, including their visa.”
An overstay is described as a non-immigrant lawfully admitted to the United States for an authorized period but remains beyond his or her authorized period of admission.
The new policy comes months after America announced a plan to restrict a student from Nigeria and others from an admission of more than two years.
The DHS proposed a “maximum admission period of up to 2 years for certain students”.